Dow jones industrial average

Mary Hall is a freelance editor for's Advisor Insights, in addition khổng lồ being the editor of several books và doctoral papers. Mary received her bachelor's in English from Kent State University with a business minor và writing concentration.

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Dow Jones, or more precisely, Dow Jones & Company, is one of the world"s largest business và financial news companies. Charles Dow, Edward Jones, và Charles Bergstresser formed the company in the 19th century. Besides the famous Dow Jones Industrial Average, the company also created various other market averages.

Dow Jones và Company is one of the largest business and financial news companies in the world.Dow Jones & Company was founded in 1882 by Charles Dow, Edward Jones, và Charles Bergstresser.Dow Jones started the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), as well as many other indexes.The DJIA tracks publicly-owned corporations và is one of the most-watched stock indexes in the world.Dow Jones sold the DJIA & its other indexes to lớn S&Phường Dow Jones Indices LLC, a joint venture between S&P Global and the CME Group.

Who Is Dow Jones?

Dow Jones was not a single person, but two of the three people who founded Dow Jones & Company in 1882. Charles Dow was the Dow in Dow Jones, Edward Jones was the Jones, và Charles Bergstresser was the company"s third founder. In 1889, they went on khổng lồ found The Wall Street Journal, which remains one of the world"s most influential financial publications.

Dow was known for his ability to explain complicated financial news to lớn the public. He believed that investors needed a simple benchmark to indicate whether the stoông chồng market was rising or declining. Dow chose several industrial-based stocks for the first index, & the first reported average was 40.94.

Charles Dow also believed it was possible khổng lồ predict stoông chồng market movements based on the price movements of different types of stocks. According khổng lồ Dow Theory, an upward trkết thúc in industrial stocks should be confirmed by a similar move sầu up in transportation stocks. Charles Dow created various market averages lớn more accurately define which way " industrial stocks" or " transportation stocks" were headed.

What Is Dow Jones?

Dow Jones và Company is the firm founded by Charles Dow, Edward Jones, & Charles Bergstresser in 1882, not the people themselves. Charles Dow & Edward Jones ran the company themselves in the early years và built a reputation for integrity. When Dow died in 1902, Clarence Barron và Jessie Waldron bought the company, và control eventually passed lớn the Bancroft family. In 2007, News Corp. purchased Dow Jones & Company from the Bancrofts.

As of 2020, Dow Jones và Company continued lớn be a major source of financial news. Its publications included MarketWatch, Barron"s, &, of course, The Wall Street Journal. What is more, these financial news outlets maintained considerable independence from News Corp.

On the other hvà, Dow Jones & Company no longer directly controls the Dow Jones Averages that it originally created. The Dow Jones Averages are owned by S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, a joint venture between S&P Global và the CME Group.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA)

It is easy lớn confuse Dow Jones with the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). Often referred lớn as "the Dow," the DJIA is one of the most-watched stoông chồng indexes in the world, containing companies such as Apple, Boeing, Microsoft, & Coca-Cola.

The DJIA initially launched with just 12 companies based mostly in the industrial sectors. However, it later grew to lớn include 30 firms. The original companies operated in railroads, cốt tông, gas, sugar, tobacteo, & oil. Industrial companies" performance is often seen as synonymous with that of the overall economy, making the DJIA a key measure of broader economic health. Although the economy"s health is now tied lớn many other sectors, the DJIA is still seen as a vital indicator of the U.S. economy"s well-being.

Although the Dow Jones Industrial Average rarely changes, there are occasional additions & deletions. These changes often come in batches và always keep total membership at 30 companies.

Dow Jones và Company owned the DJIA as well as many other indexes that represent different sectors of the economy. They included the oldest index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average, which tracks 20 transportation companies, such as airlines & delivery services. Another major index is the Dow Jones Utility Average, which tracks 15 U.S. utility stocks.

In 2012, S&Phường Dow Jones Indices LLC bought the Dow Jones Indexes. S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC is a joint venture between controlling thành viên S&P Global và the CME Group.

In the world of finance, you"ll often hear people ask, "How did Thủ đô New York vì chưng today?" or "How did the market perform today?" In both cases, these people are likely referring lớn the DJIA, as it is the most widely-used index. It is more popular than both the S&Phường. 500 Index, which tracks 500 stocks, and the Nasdaq Composite Index, which includes more than 2,500 U.S. & international equities. 

The Dow Jones Industrial Average groups together the prices of 30 of the most traded stocks on the New York Stoông chồng Exchange (NYSE) and the Nasdaq. It is an index that helps investors determine the overall direction of stock prices.

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The Dow Jones Industrial Average is called the Dow Jones because it was developed by Charles Dow and Edward Jones at Dow Jones & Company.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average, or the Dow for short, is one way of measuring the stoông xã market's overall direction. It includes the prices of 30 of the most actively traded stocks. When the Dow goes up, it is considered bullish, & most stocks usually vày well. When the Dow falls, it is bearish, and most stocks typically thua kém money.

What Companies Are in the Dow Jones?

The table below alphabetically lists the companies included in the DJIA as of May 2021.

Dow Jones Industrial Average ComponentsCompanySymbolYear Added
American ExpressAXP1982
Apple Inc.AAPL2015
Cisco SystemsCSCO2009
The Coca-Cola CompanyKO1987
Dow Inc.DOW2019
Goldman SachsGS2013
The Home DepotHD1999
Johnson & JohnsonJNJ1997
JPMorgan ChaseJPM1991
Merck và Co.MRK1979
Proctor và GamblePG1932
The Travelers CompaniesTRV2009
UnitedHealth GroupUNH2012
Walgreens Boots AllianceWBA2018
The Walternative text Disney CompanyDIS1991
30 DJIA companies as of May 2021

You can buy shares in the Dow through exchange traded funds (ETFs). However, you cannot invest directly in the Dow Jones Industrial Average because it is just an index.

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