DRIVERLESS CAR LÀ GÌ

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Driverless cars are a transformative sầu technology that could have important implications for society, national security, the economy, and the environment. On May 8, the Center for Technology Innovation & the U.S. Department of State hosted a panel of experts lớn discuss the potential for driverless cars domestically & abroad. The potential benefits of autonomous vehicles are exciting but innovators và government officials must first overcome several barriers lớn change.

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Challenges

Defining a driverless car

There is no generally accepted definition of a driverless oto. The phrase connotes a oto with total autonomy. Cars today already include automated technologies including anti-loông chồng brakes, cruise control, lane assist, & active sầu parking assist. There is no bright line for the number of automatic features a oto must have sầu before it may be described as “driverless.”

Changing workplace

Automation is transforming the way our economy works, for example ATMs và self-checkout lanes in the grocery store. In the future, computers will be able to lớn vì many of the things that only a human can bởi vì today. Driverless cars could displace parts of the labor force. For example, automated trucks could remove sầu the need for human drivers in some sectors.

Cultural differences on data collection

Autonomous cars use a sophisticated set of sensors khổng lồ collect & process data in order khổng lồ make decisions. Data collection is controversial in the international community. European nations & the U.S. have sầu different regulatory regimes governing consumer privacy. This could create a non-tariff barrier khổng lồ the trade of automobiles.

Cybersecurity

Using computer systems connected lớn the Internet in driverless cars exposes them to hacks. It’s possible to create some safeguards against “oto hacks.” For example, a oto that collects a small amount of data by itself for operation and then deletes it after use will be more difficult to attack.

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Liability

Liability for accidents involving a driverless oto is also a serious issue. It’s unclear who is responsible if an autonomous oto seriously injures another person. Even more complicated is if a driverless car is forced inkhổng lồ a situation due lớn another driver’s error or bad weather & the computer must choose between two different accidents. Programing in those situations is fraught with ethical & legal conundrums.

Benefits of automated vehicles

Reducing traffic fatalities


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Personal convenience

Many people would prefer a more relaxed environment as they are commuting to lớn và from work. An automated vehicle could function as a Mobile office during a long commute. There are even luxury car brands that are designing automated vehicles khổng lồ serve as a di động lounge for traveler comfort & privacy.

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Fuel efficiency

The trucking industry consumes a very large amount gas in the United States. Automated vehicles can use fuel more efficiently by platooning, the adaptive cruise control function that allows trucks khổng lồ stay a certain distance away from each other & travel at exactly the same speed. Manufacturers could also design electric or hydrogen powered trucks.

Mobility

Automated cars have the potential lớn increase mobility & access to life-saving services. This công nghệ could have revolutionary implications for disabled people who are unable to manage their own transportation. Automated cars could also be used to gain access lớn healthcare services without relying on family members or a oto service. Driverless cars could also benefit people in rural communities who lack easy access to lớn public transportation.

Policy Recommendations

International cooperation

Today’s cars have sầu parts that are manufactured in different countries and sold across borders. Policy makers throughout the world need lớn coordinate their efforts with other governments. Clashing IP, environmental, health, và safety regulations could stymie the potential benefits of automated vehicles.

Safety và testability

Every technical system has the potential lớn fail. Autonomous cars must be tested and certified on an international màn chơi. There is a need for harmonization in modeling, simulation testing, và system verification lớn ensure the safety of these vehicles across borders.

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The discussion surrounding driverless cars involves a great giảm giá of uncertainty. There are huge ethical decisions that must be made regarding these new technologies. It is the responsibility of policy makers khổng lồ help decide these issues.