Gynaecology là gì

  -  
Medically reviewed by Timothy J. Legg, Ph.D., CRNP — Written by Kellie Walsh — Updated on May 27, 2016

*
Share on Pinterest
An OB-GYN, or obstetrician-gynecologist, is a doctor who specializes in women’s health. The female body toàn thân experiences many different biological functions, including menstruation, childbirth, and menopause. OB-GYNs provide care for all of this và more. Here’s a look at what they bởi và when you should consider seeing one.

Bạn đang xem: Gynaecology là gì


An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, has expertise in female reproductive health, pregnancy, và childbirth. Some OB-GYNs offer a wide range of general health services similar to lớn your primary care doctor. Others focus on the medical care of the female reproductive sầu system.

OB-GYNs also provide routine medical services and preventive screenings. This type of doctor has studied obstetrics and gynecology.

The term “OB-GYN” can refer lớn the doctor, an obstetrician-gynecologist, or to lớn the sciences that the doctor specializes in, which are obstetrics & gynecology.


What is obstetrics?

Obstetrics is the branch of medicine related to lớn medical & surgical care before, during, & after a woman gives birth. Obstetrics focuses on caring for và maintaining a woman’s overall health during maternity.

This includes:

pregnancylaborchildbirththe postpartum period

OB-GYNs can conduct office visits, perkhung surgery, và assist with labor and delivery. Some OB-GYNs provide services through a solo or private practice. Others vì chưng so as part of a larger medical group or hospital.


What is gynecology?

Gynecology is the branch of medicine that focuses on women’s bodies & their reproductive sầu health. It includes the diagnosis, treatment, và care of women’s reproductive system.

This includes the:

vaginauterusovariesfallopian tubes

This branch of medicine also includes screening for & treating issues associated with women’s breasts.

Xem thêm: Các Dự Án Ico Tiềm Năng 2019, Review & Phân Tích Ico, Ieo, Các Dự Án Ico Tiềm Năng

Gynecology is the overarching field of women’s health from puberty through adulthood. It represents most of the reproductive care you’ll receive during your lifetime. If you become pregnant, you’ll need to lớn go to lớn an obstetrician.


What are the specialty areas?

Approximately 90 percent of OB-GYNs are generalists. This means they work across a wide range of OB-GYN services. Some choose khổng lồ specialize in one or more different subspecialties. These may include:

Maternal-fetal medicine

These specialists care for patients with high-risk pregnancies và related medical conditions. You might see a maternal-fetal medicine specialist if you have:

chronic or gestational high blood pressuregestational diabetesblood-clotting disorderspremature labor

Reproductive sầu endocrinology & infertility

These endocrinologists address issues related lớn infertility & the glands và hormones of the endocrine system. If you wish khổng lồ become pregnant but are having trouble conceiving, you can go khổng lồ a reproductive sầu endocrinologist. They perform assisted reproduction procedures, such as:

in vitro fertilizationgamete intrafallopian transferzygote intrafallopian transferembryo transfer

Gynecolô ghích oncology

These oncologists specialize in diagnosing và treating cancers of the female reproductive system. This includes cancers of the:

uteruscervixovariesvulva

Female pelvic medicine và reproductive surgery

These surgeons focus on treating women with urinary tract disorders. They also focus on disorders of the muscle và connective tissue located just beneath a woman’s pelvis. This area is called the pelvic floor.

The pelvic floor may become weak as a result of pregnancy, age, or certain medical conditions. These specialists address:

urinary or fecal incontinencevaginal or urinary tract infectionsoveractive bladderbladder painpelvic organ prolapse

A doctor must first complete their bachelor’s degree and four years of medical school training lớn become an OB-GYN.

After medical school, you must complete four years of graduate-màn chơi education as a resident focusing on obstetrics và gynecology. During this period, doctors learn about reproductive issues & other health-related issues in women. In particular, they learn about:

diagnosistreatmentmanagementprevention

Doctors complete their residency under the supervision of an attending doctor in a medical setting, such as in a hospital.

You must complete an additional three years of training after you finish your residency khổng lồ specialize in a certain area.

After all required training has been completed, you must pass a specialty board certification exam. The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology oversees this exam.

Xem thêm: Phép Biện Chứng Duy Vật Biện Chứng Là Gì ? Lấy Ví Dụ Minh Họa?

OB-GYNs must take a maintenance exam every six years to uphold their certification.